Gum Graft (Connective Tissue Grafts)

A gum graft is a cosmetic dentistry procedure to improve the health of the teeth, and correct gum recession by harvesting healthy tissue to areas of reduced tissue coverage.

Gum Graft

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The Skinny


Average Recovery

10 days

Permanence

Temporary

Application

Surgical Procedure

Surgical

Yes

Cost

$600 - $3000

The Specifics


What is a gum graft?

A gum graft surgery is a cosmetic dentistry procedure used to correct loss of gum tissue and prevent the progression of gum disease (gingivitis) and other periodontal disease. If too much gum tissue is lost from an area, the health of the gums, teeth, and jaw bone can be compromised.

The Anatomy of the Oral Cavity

Mouth Oral Cavity Anatomy Illustration

A gum graft improves the appearance of receding gums and helps lessen sensitive areas where gum tissue has receded. Gum grafting, a pedicle graft, or a free gingival graft are usually performed by a periodontist.

What cosmetic concerns does a gum graft procedure treat?

  1. Damaged Teeth & Gums: Harvesting of healthy gum tissue, usually from the roof of the mouth, and replacement over areas of gum loss or thinning, and exposed tooth root provides protection from numerous dental issues and sensitivities.

Who is the ideal candidate for a gum graft procedure?

The ideal candidate for a gum graft has good oral health, and has identified and taken steps to control the progression of their gum disease. Gum Grafts are not recommended for those with poor gum health, poor tooth health, or bleeding disorders.

The Anatomy of the Tooth

Tooth Anatomy Cross Section Illustration

What is the average recovery associated with a gum graft procedure?

Most patients experience a few days to a week of recovery time following a gum graft. A soft diet will be advised for a few days, and oral hygiene should be avoided at the treatment site. Most patients resume normal activities the next day. Cold compresses, over the counter pain medication, and sleeping in an elevated position can aid recovery, and limit side effects.

What are the potential side effects of a gum graft procedure?

Possible side effects following a gum graft include bleeding, swelling, bruising, sensitivity, and infection.

What can someone expect from the results of a Gum Graft procedure?

A gum graft procedure produces immediately noticeable improvements to the appearance of the gums and teeth. Proper aftercare will ensure the graft takes, and the new tissue is integrated appropriately.

What is the average cost of a gum graft procedure?


A gum graft procedure can cost anywhere from $600 to $3,000. The actual cost of a gum graft is dependent upon location, board certified facial plastic surgeon, and length and involvement of the plastic surgery.

Pros

gum recessionstop bone lossreduce tooth sensitivityprotect rootstooth decayroot decayimproved smileeven gumline

Cons

bleedingbruisingswellingloose suturestooth movementinfectionrevision surgery

Invasiveness Score

mildmoderatesevere
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Invasiveness is graded based on factors such as anesthesia practices, incisions, and recovery notes common to this procedure.

What to Expect


Gum graft surgery can be used to repair wounded gum tissue and help to keep the gums free of future infections. Here is a quick guide for what to expect before, during, and after dental crowns.

The Takeaway


A Gum Graft Surgery is a gum grafting technique performed by a periodontist to correct gum recession and periodontal disease.

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Source List

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AEDIT uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Francesco Cairo Periodontal plastic surgery of gingival recessions at single and multiple teeth PubMed.gov; 2017-10-02
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