Mentoplasty is a plastic surgery procedure that can refer to either chin reduction or chin augmentation. During a chin reduction surgery, the surgeon removes part of the bone tissue that makes up the chin to enhance the appearance of the lower jawline, neck, and chin area. The primary goal of this cosmetic surgical procedure is to reduce the projection of an overly-prominent chin, thereby helping to increase the patient’s facial appearance, self-esteem, and confidence.
- avg. recovery
About the Procedure
A chin reduction surgery can improve facial aesthetics by bringing the chin into better balance with other facial features. Having an overly large chin is called “macrogenia”, a condition which can significantly decrease facial attractiveness and cause low self-esteem and lacking confidence in social situations. This type of plastic surgery is commonly performed at the same time as rhinoplasty (nose surgery), a brow lift, or other cosmetic procedures to increase facial harmony. During a chin reduction after anesthesia is applied, an incision will be made either inside the mouth along the bottom lip or underneath the chin. At this point, the skin will be separated from the chin bone and the reshaping of the chin structure can begin. Excess bone and tissue will be removed and the tip of the chin may be repositioned to be less prominent. The tip of the chin will then be secured with metal wires and plates. An implant may be placed in the chin to smooth out sharp contours. Once the chin has been repositioned and shaved, the incision will be sutured closed. Incisions made under the chin will leave minimal scars, while inner-mouth incisions will be completely hidden. Because every patient is completely unique and therefore requires a customized treatment plan, the costs of chin reduction vary significantly. The average cost for chin reduction in the USA is roughly $2500. However, after adding in all relevant costs (hospital fees, anesthesiology, aftercare medications, etc.), the actual cost of chin reduction can exceed $5000.
The goal of a chin reduction is to restore facial harmony by shaping and reducing the chin.
What to Expect
A chin reduction decreases the projection of an overly-prominent chin, thereby helping to increase the patient’s facial appearance, self-esteem, and confidence. Here is a quick guide for what to expect before, during, and after a chin reduction.
- Do not eat or drink anything for 6 hours
- No alcohol 3 days prior
- Do not take any blood thinning medications
- No smoking 4 weeks before and after
- Local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia
- Incision made intraorally or beneath the chin
- Excess bone and tissue will be removed
- Tip of the chin is secured with metal wires and plates
- Implant may be placed to smooth contours
- Incisions closed
For the first few days after surgery it is normal to experience some inflammation, discomfort, tightness, and numbness in and surrounding the chin. A light diet is best after surgery. Begin by taking liquids slowly and progress to soups or jello. Start with a soft, regular diet the next day and a regular diet after 5 days. During the first 2 weeks avoid any strenuous activities, lifting heavy objects or taking part in aggressive exercise. Light exercise is recommended.
The ideal candidate for a chin reduction desires a more feminine appearance or feels the size of their chin is too prominent and draws attention away from other features of the face.
Not Recommended For
Chin reduction surgery is not recommended for patients with periodontal disease or for patients whose chin has not stopped growing.
Side effects from chin reduction surgery man include blood loss, infection, pain, swelling, changes in sensation, and asymmetry.